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Ototoxicity (oto-means ear and toxic means side effect) Ototoxicity means certain drugs used to treat certain medical conditions in the body has a side effect on hearing or balancing organ situated in the inner ear. The effects of ototoxicity can be reversible and temporary, or irreversible and permanent. Hearing loss caused by this kind of medication tends to develop quickly. The first symptoms usually are ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and vertigo. Hearing usually returns to normal after you stop taking the medicine. But some medicines can cause permanent damage to the inner ear. Early intervention plays a key role in improving speech understanding. hearing loss will be treated either by bilateral Digital Hearing Aid fitting or cochlear implants. Hearing aid benefit depends on the site of damage in the inner ear or nerve.
An otoacoustic emission (OAE) is a low-level sound emitted by the cochlea either spontaneously or evoked by an auditory stimulus. Specifically, OAEs provide information related to the function of the outer hair cells (OHC). Present OAEs in an ear indicates that hearing mechanism is normal till the level of outer hair cells. This cells plays very crucial role in hearing system i.e. amplification of the sound. OAE can be done in 1 day old baby. oae has advantages over BERA test. Easily done, takes almost 3-5 minutes, not much preparing required, many children can be screened in short duration. If child fail on OAE wil be subjected for diagnostic audiological evaluation. and further management will be carried out.
Cleft and Hearing Loss The hearing loss in a cleft patient is a well known documented, but generally gets ignored. These children continue to have recurrent otitis media with effusion that affects the hearing abilities. Unfortunatley the middle ear function may not improve with palatoplasty. Cleft palate teams need to follow up all such children beginning at birth and going into adulthood, decades after a ‘successful’ palate repair. These patients should have careful otological and audiological surveillance with appropriate interventions whenever required. untreated and fluctuating hearing loss has impact on speech, language, social an academic progress. # pure tone audiogram, impedance testing, brainstem evoked response
Speech and Language Delay and Hearing Loss Mild to profound hearing loss is one of most significant reason for delay. Early identification and intervention helps these children to restore the hearing capacities to normal by hearing aids or cochlear implant. Please contact aarav clinic panvel. Hearing Aids