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#Otitis Media It is an inflammation in the middle ear (the area behind the tympanic membrane) that is usually associated with the fluid accumulation Fluctuating hearing loss nearly always occurs with all types of otitis media. In fact it is the most common cause of hearing loss in young children If this hearing loss is untreated repetitively will have difficulty in auditory processing please consult ENT/Audiologist for more details #Pure tone Audiogram
Old age deafness is the loss of hearing that gradually happens in most of individuals as they grow older. This is one of the common conditions affecting elderly both male as well as female. Normally aging starts at the age of 45yrs in females and 55 in men. Commonly seen changes in auditory system are cochlear and auditory nerve damage. Hearing loss starts with high frequency and later it involve the low and mid frequencies. Common complaint these individual present with is I can hear the voices but cannot make out what they are talking. Hearing loss make it hard to enjoy talking with family and friends, leading to feelings of isolation. Aging affects both the sides equally. Regular hearing testing is required to monitor the hearing status and also it will help in planning the rehabilitation. Recent research suggests that ignoring age related hearing loss may end up with dementia or memory deficits. Audiogram done by qualified audiologist helps us for planning appropriate hearing aid selection and fitting. Digital hearing aids really help in improving speech understanding in quiet as well as noisy surroundings. Further details please contact: AARAV SPEECH AND HEARING CLINIC
Auditory Deprivation February 3, 2014 By Bob Page, Clinician What it is and how to protect yourself from its effects Auditory Deprivation Without treatment, you can have permanent and irreversible hearing loss Auditory Deprivation is a condition that occurs in individuals suffering from hearing loss where their brain loses the ability to interpret words due to a lack of stimulation over an extended period of time. This condition can affect hearing loss patients who do not wear hearing aids, wear old hearing aids or only wear one hearing aid when two may be necessary. Even those suffering from a mild hearing loss can be affected by this condition. If hearing loss is not treated, auditory deprivation can cause an irreversible loss of functionality. How does this happen? You must first understand the difference between hearing and understanding. Your ears function as instruments to collect sounds and deliver these sounds to your brain. The speech interpretation center of your brain processes these sounds into words. If your ears cannot hear the sounds, then your brain does not have anything to process. The lack of stimulation in this area of the brain causes you to lose the functionality of understanding speech. So, basically if you aren’t hearing the words, you eventually lose the ability to understand them. When our vision starts to fade, we usually wait to seek professional help until we absolutely need it. Any delay in seeking help is not usually a problem because glasses are able to correct the problem immediately. Treatment for hearing loss is quite different. The longer you delay seeking treatment for your hearing loss, the harder it will be to treat it. Those with profound hearing loss who have suffered for a number of years may not be able to regenerate some of their speech perception. However, most hearing losses can be sufficiently amplified with the use of hearing aids to allow for near normal to normal hearing. Hearing aids will help your ability to hear and thus, stimulate your brain to protect you from auditory deprivation. Auditory deprivation is not a guarantee if you suffer from hearing loss as long as you are proactive with your hearing health. Have your hearing tested, and if necessary find the appropriate treatment sooner rather than later. Hearing aids can be a tremendous help by providing the necessary stimulation your brain requires to continue to understand everyday speech. Auditory Deprivation is a “use it or lose it” issue, so it is imperative that you are take action today to ensure your ability to perceive speech does not continue to deteriorate over time.
Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) SSNHL is commonly seen in audiology and otolaryngology practice. Individual present with sudden loss of hearing, tinnitus, vertigo, happing less than 72 hours of time. Hearing loss may vary from mild to profound and most often it is unilateral in nature. The majority of times an aetiology remain unknown. Prognosis depends on many factors like severity of loss, age, any other systematic conditions (i.e. Diabetes). Commonly treated with medication, carbogen therapy. It’s a medical emergency and needs urgent attention. #audiogram , # Hearing Aids , # SSNHL # Impedance Contact #Aarav Speech & Hearing Clinic, New Panvel, Navi Mumbai
Some causes of hearing loss in adults are: Otosclerosis Ménière's disease Autoimmune inner ear diseases Ototoxicity Noise Induced Hearing loss Acoustic neuroma Trauma to head or ear old age deafness acute supportive otitis media chronic supportive otitis hearing management options are Medication, surgery and/ hearing devices. your ent expert and audiologist will help you for better treatment.
SPEECH, LANGUAGE AND HEARING MILESTONES Birth to Three Years • Reacts to loud sounds with startle • Is soothed and quieted by soft sounds • Turns head to you when you speak after neck holding achieved • Is awakened by loud voices and sounds • Smiles in response to certain voices when spoken to • Seems to know your voice and quiets down if crying Four to Six Months • Looks or turns toward a new sound • Responds to "no" and changes in tone of voice • Imitates his or her own voice • Enjoys rattles and other toys that make sounds • Begins to repeat sounds (such as, "ooh, " "aah, " and "ba-ba") • Becomes scared by a loud voice or noise Seven to Twelve months • Responds to his or her own name, telephone ringing, or someone's voice, even when not loud • Knows words for common things (such as, "cup" or "shoe") and sayings (such as, "bye-bye") • Makes babbling sounds, even when alone • Starts to respond to requests (such as, "come here") • Looks at things or pictures when someone talks about them • Enjoys games like peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake • Imitates simple words and sounds; may use a few single words meaningfully If you fail to see any of the above responses please consult concern. Audiologist, Hearing Assessment, Hearing Aid Fitting and Auditory Verbal Therapy "Early is always a Better"
Ototoxicity (oto-means ear and toxic means side effect) Ototoxicity means certain drugs used to treat certain medical conditions in the body has a side effect on hearing or balancing organ situated in the inner ear. The effects of ototoxicity can be reversible and temporary, or irreversible and permanent. Hearing loss caused by this kind of medication tends to develop quickly. The first symptoms usually are ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and vertigo. Hearing usually returns to normal after you stop taking the medicine. But some medicines can cause permanent damage to the inner ear. Early intervention plays a key role in improving speech understanding. hearing loss will be treated either by bilateral Digital Hearing Aid fitting or cochlear implants. Hearing aid benefit depends on the site of damage in the inner ear or nerve.
Noise Levels in the surroundings Bird Chirp - 10-15 dB The humming of a refrigerator - 40-45 decibels Normal conversation 50- 60 decibels Noise from heavy city traffic - 80-85 decibels Motorcycles - 95 decibels An MP3 player at maximum volume - 105 decibels Sirens - 120 decibels Firecrackers and firearms - 150 decibels As defined by NOHSC: 2009(2004), occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) means hearing impairment arising from exposure to excessive noise at work. Occupational noise-induced hearing loss is also commonly known as industrial deafness.
Speech Banana The speech banana is a area in which all the speech sounds of the language fall on an audiogram. An audiogram is a graphical representation of a person's hearing sensitivity at a range of frequencies and loudness levels, and it is generally presented with frequencies (in Hertz on the x-axis and decibel level (dB) on the y-axis. When the sounds of speech or phonemes of all known human languages are plotted on an audiogram, they cluster in a banana-shaped region known as the speech banana. People with normal hearing sensitivity can also hear sounds outside of the speech banana. These sounds include ambient natural sounds such as a rustling of leaves in the wind or birds chirping. Artificial sounds outside of the speech banana can include music and mechanical noises (e.g., automobiles, lawn mowers). Audiologists are primarily concerned with hearing loss that occurs within the speech banana because it can slow the development of a child’s language and speech abilities, and this in turn can profoundly interfere with learning. Hearing loss within the speech banana can also hinder communication capabilities in adults, as in elderly people with age-related hearing loss. Benefit of the hearing aid also showed with the help of speech banana. If all the aided (speech and tone) fall with the banana then we consider as significant benefit from the device. If not child or adults will be evaluated for other hearing devices options like, Cochlear implant.
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